THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


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THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE МБОУ Большееланская СОШУчитель английского языка- Евдокимова Ю.С. Have you worked? You have not worked You have worked Have they worked? They have not worked They have worked Have we worked? We have not worked We have worked Has it worked? It has not worked It has worked Has she worked? She has not worked She has worked Has he worked? He has not worked He has worked Have I worked? I have not worked I have worked INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE AFFIRVATIVE The Present Perfect tense + PRESENT PRESENT PERFECT is always connected with present: PAST The Present Perfect tense I’ve worked=I haven’t worked She’s worked = She hasn’t worked 1. It denotes a completed action connected with the present I am a little frightened for I have lost my way. He has recovered from his illness (he is better now). The only thing which matters here is the result: the time when action took place is of no importance. Questions in the Present Perfect never starts with when: When did you see this film? 2.The Present Perfect is frequently used with: A) the adverbs: ever, never, just, already, yet, of late/lately/recently I have never seen this film. I have not spoken to her yet. B) This morning/today/evening/this week/this year (when these periods are not finished at the time of speaking): Has Ann had holiday this year? Have you seen him today? C) The prepositions for, since: I have known her for two years.He has not seen his friends since last September.I haven’t seen him since he left for Moscow. D) the expression: This (it) is the first time: This is the first time he has driven a car. 3. The Present Perfect is not used in: Что вы сказали?- What did you say?Я забыл?- I forgot.Теперь я понял.- Now I understand.Где вы купили эту книгу?- Where did you buy the book? Exercise Translate into English using the Present Perfect Tense 1. Они построили новый дом. Ты его видел?2. Я посмотрел этот фильм. А ты? – Да. Это интересный фильм.3. Ты был в Лондонском зоопарке? – Да.4. Отец только что вернулся с моря.5. Возьмите эти журналы. Я уже прочитал их.6. Вы были когда –не будь в Греции? – Да это очень красивая страна.7. Мы еще не сделали опыт.8. Она никогда не переводила такие трудные статьи.9.Я звонила три раза ему сегодня.10 Ты видел директора сегодня? – Нет.

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