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Outstanding SCIENTISTS and INVENTORS It’s Difficult to Imagine By the end of the 20th century lots of inventions have been made. Some of them have become so commonplace that it is difficult to imagine them as inventions. "Imagination is more important than knowledge". Albert Einstein Match the words and definitions: 1. a TV set 2. a car 3. a computer 4. a video player 5. a camera 6. a vacuum cleaner 7. a fridge 8. a mobile telephone 9. a plane 10. a telephone a. to take photographs b. to receive or make calls around the home c. to perform everyday cleaning tasks d. to move fast and quick around the world e. to watch pre-recorded videos f. to keep food fresh for a long time g. to have fun and to entertain h. a system for sending or receiving speech over long distance i. to write programs, play games, find and use information j. to move wherever you want by yourself Which things are the most or least useful in the house from your point of view? 1. I think that ….. is the most important thing. 2. We can …..3. Some of the inventions, for example …. is less important.4. We do not often …..5. And I’m sure we can do without ….. Who What Where When Alexander Graham Bell Henry Ford John Logie Baird Wilbur and Orville Wright Ian Wilmat Karl Benz James M. Spangler Sergei Korolev Bill Gates Alexander Fleming Nicephore Niepce Lumiere brothers In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell, an American engineer, invented telephone. John Logie Baird from Scotland invented television in 1962. In 1908 US automobile manufacturer Henry Ford created the world’s first car assembly line. Wilbur and Orville Wright built the first airplane in 1903 (USA). Karl Benz produced the world’s first petrol-driven motor car in Germany in 1885. Scottish scientist Ian Wilmat developed the idea of cloning in 1997. In 1908 James M. Spangler from the USA built the first vacuum cleaner. In 1981 Bill Gates (USA)Microsoft –DOS (Disk operating System ). Sergei Korolev (Russia) designed the first artificial satellite in 1957. In 1895 the Lumiere brothers patentedtheir cinematography and opened the world’s first cinema in Paris. Alexander Fleming Sir Alexander Fleming was a Scottish biologist and pharmacologist. His best-known achievement is the discovery of antibiotic substance penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum in 1928 Nicephore Niepce from France pioneered photography in 1829. t b w t m r e r v f g v i d e o p h o n e e s n i d v j m l k l l e i s b e y c l o c k t o h j r o h e u m n n p w e r i m r k n e l c a m e r a b u b r n d s b h y r l j f k g s h g n y f a x v o c q e t r b n d f c r s w r i w n h e x i e v a c u u m c l e a n S.P.Korolyov The designer of space-rocket systems. M.V.Lomonosov He invented a telescope. Dmitry Mendeleyev He discovered the Periodic Law of elements Henry Ford He built the car Ford. John Logie Biard Answer: The inventor of the television. Alexander Graham Bell Answer: This man invented a telephone. Alexander Fleming Answer: This brave scientist discovered penicillin. Michael Faraday Answer: This famous scientist discovered laws of electricity. Isaac Newton Answer: He discovered the law of gravity when an apple fell on his head. Science and its significance Science and its significance Science and its significance